Volodina Natal'ya Anatol'evna, Doctor of historical sciences, professor, sub-department of communication
management, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. The topicality of the problem of political control is caused by the relative novelty of its setting in a historical science. It is topical to study the historical experience of political control in terms of defining the limits of the permissible exposure of the state by means of political control in the company. The aim of the work is to determine the background of the Soviet system of political control. The analysis thereof reveals new aspects of the problem of the relationship between objective and subjective principles in Soviet policy.
Materials and methods. Source base for research is a collection of archival material, published documents, works of contemporaries of this period, the author's works on the mating threads. The methodological basis of the study were the principles of historicism and scientific objectivity. Application of the principle of historicism allowed a retrospective analysis of the major institutions and methods of political control in the context of sociopolitical, economic and cultural development of the country. The principle of scientific objectivity has led to investigation of the problem, regardless of ideological or other subjective layers contained in the sources and in the value judgments of historians.
Results. Tsarist Russian authorities sought to control the behavior, and to some extent even the consciousness of their subjects. The result are the structure and working methods that were used later by the Bolsheviks during the formation of the Soviet system of political control. These include: the tradition of autocracy, underdevelopment of civil society and the lack of strong traditions of democracy and the rule of law, the experience of creating and implementing into society of the close to universal state ideology, pre-revolutionary tradition of censorship.
Conclusions. The design and successful operation of the Soviet system of political control were caused to a largeextent by preconditions that emerged in the pre-revolutionary period.
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